Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a rare genetic disorder that affects around one in 10,000 babies. The severity of the disease varies, but children with SMA are usually unable to walk and after time, muscle degeneration can affect their ability to sit, swallow and breathe without assistance. Diagnosis of the disease is usually a straightforward process involving these simple steps:
1. Failing to Meet Milestones
Usually, the parents will be the first to realize something is wrong when their infant fails to meet milestones such as turning over, crawling, etc. They will then speak to their doctor about their concerns.